Familiarity with basic concepts such as environmental impact assessments, environmental risks, climate change, sustainable development, key areas of environmental policy and relevant legislative framework.
Analyzed specifically the following areas:
- Water (liquid waste – wastewater treatment, sea environment, quality of groundwater and surface fresh water, floods, etc.).
- Air (air quality, emissions from industries, emissions from vehicles, fuel quality, protection of the ozone layer, etc.).
- Soil (erosion of rural exploitation, from technical projects or natural causes, industrial pollution of soil, etc.).
- Solid waste (management of hazardous and non-hazardous waste, recycling of specific waste streams, composting, etc.).
- Nature protection (protection of birds, protected areas, Natura 2000, Cartagena Protocol, International Convention for the protection of biodiversity Genetically Modified Organisms e.t.c.)
- Global warming (Kyoto Protocol, Emissions Trading Scheme, CCS, new legislative package, climate-energy, etc.).
- Horizontal legislation (environmental permitting, environmental information disclosure – Convention Aarhous etc.).
Emphasis is given to the process of environmental impact assessment through the respective studies (qualitative and quantitative methods). The legislative framework is analyzed (with references to the relevant Community legislation and a brief analysis of how the other EU countries in relation to Greece) in combination with basic settings and urban planning law. Specific examples of the main environmental impact of the main civil engineer’s works is given such as roads, large buildings (hotels, hospitals, shopping centers, warehouses, garages, etc.), wastewater treatment, landfills, water and sanitation projects, water projects, energy projects, wind farms, solar, hydro, phone masts, port, poultry and livestock facilities, mining, urban-scale projects, urban planning, etc.